dry. winged fruits that remain closed at maturity.

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
samara (noun)
a dry indehiscent usually one-seeded winged fruit (as of an ash or elm tree) - called also key
Samara (geographical name)
city Russia in Europe in valley of the Volga 1,239,000 - E pop
samara (Wikipedia)

Samara views
Samara views
Flag of Samara
Coat of arms of Samara
Coat of arms
Location of Samara
Samara is located in Russia
Location of Samara
Samara is located in Samara Oblast
Samara (Samara Oblast)
Coordinates: 53°12′10″N 50°08′27″E / 53.20278°N 50.14083°E / 53.20278; 50.14083Coordinates: 53°12′10″N 50°08′27″E / 53.20278°N 50.14083°E / 53.20278; 50.14083
Federal subjectSamara Oblast
City status since1688
 • BodySamara City Council
 • MayorElena Lapushkina
 • Total541.382 km2 (209.029 sq mi)
100 m (300 ft)
 • Total1,164,685
 • Estimate 
1,163,399 (-0.1%)
 • Rank6th in 2010
 • Density2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Samara
 • Capital ofSamara Oblast, Volzhsky District
 • Urban okrugSamara Urban Okrug
 • Capital ofSamara Urban Okrug, Volzhsky Municipal District
Time zoneUTC+4 (MSK+1 Edit this on Wikidata)
Postal code(s)
Dialing code(s)+7 846
Twin townsStara Zagora, Stuttgart, Koper, Palermo, St. Louis, Kaliningrad, Gomel, SamarkandEdit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID36701000001

Samara (Russian: Сама́ра, IPA: [sɐˈmarə]), known from 1935 to 1991 as Kuybyshev (Куйбышев; IPA: [ˈkujbɨʂɨf]), is the ninth largest city in Russia and the administrative center of Samara Oblast. Some statistics indicate that it is the eighth or ninth-largest city by population, rather than sixth. It is in the southeastern part of European Russia at the confluence of the Volga and Samara rivers, on the east bank of the Volga which acts as the city's western boundary; across the river are the Zhiguli Mountains, after which the local beer (Zhigulyovskoye) is named. The northern boundary is formed by the Sokolyi Hills and by the steppes in the south and east. The city covers 46,597 hectares (115,140 acres), with a population of 1,164,685 (2010 Census); the metropolitan area of Samara, Tolyatti and Syzran has a population of over 3 million. It is about 300 kilometres (190 mi) from Kazan, 410 kilometres (250 mi) from Ufa, 340 kilometres (210 mi) from Saratov and 235 kilometres (146 mi) from Oral, Kazakhstan.

Formerly a closed city, Samara is now a large and important social, political, economic, industrial, and cultural centre in European Russia and hosted the European Union—Russia Summit in May 2007. It has a continental climate characterised by hot summers and cold winters. The life of Samara's citizens has always been intrinsically linked to the Volga River, which has not only served as the main commercial thoroughfare of Russia throughout several centuries, but also has great visual appeal. Samara's riverfront is considered one of the favourite recreation places both for local citizens and tourists. After the Soviet novelist Vasily Aksyonov visited Samara, he remarked: "I am not sure where in the West one can find such a long and beautiful embankment."

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