simply. speed. Rate at which an object’s position changes in a specific direction over time. A vector quantity. See acceleration and vector.
This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
As a change of direction occurs while the racing cars turn on the curved track, their velocity is not constant.
|v, v, v→|
|In SI base units||m/s|
The velocity of an object is the rate of change of its position with respect to a frame of reference, and is a function of time. Velocity is equivalent to a specification of an object's speed and direction of motion (e.g. 60 km/h to the north). Velocity is a fundamental concept in kinematics, the branch of classical mechanics that describes the motion of bodies.
Velocity is a physical vector quantity; both magnitude and direction are needed to define it. The scalar absolute value (magnitude) of velocity is called speed, being a coherent derived unit whose quantity is measured in the SI (metric system) as metres per second (m/s) or as the SI base unit of (m⋅s−1). For example, "5 metres per second" is a scalar, whereas "5 metres per second east" is a vector. If there is a change in speed, direction or both, then the object has a changing velocity and is said to be undergoing an acceleration.