simply. speed. Rate at which an object’s position changes in a specific direction over time. A vector quantity. See acceleration and vector.

**velocity**(

*noun*)

**speed**the velocity of sound

**rapidity**the velocity of historical change R. J. Lifton

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Velocity | |
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As a change of direction occurs while the racing cars turn on the curved track, their velocity is not constant. | |

Common symbols | v, v, v→ |

Other units | mph, ft/s |

In SI base units | m/s |

Dimension | L T^{−1} |

The **velocity** of an object is the rate of change of its position with respect to a frame of reference, and is a function of time. Velocity is equivalent to a specification of an object's speed and direction of motion (e.g. 60 km/h to the north). Velocity is a fundamental concept in kinematics, the branch of classical mechanics that describes the motion of bodies.

Velocity is a physical vector quantity; both magnitude and direction are needed to define it. The scalar absolute value (magnitude) of velocity is called *speed*, being a coherent derived unit whose quantity is measured in the SI (metric system) as metres per second (m/s) or as the SI base unit of (m⋅s^{−1}). For example, "5 metres per second" is a scalar, whereas "5 metres per second east" is a vector. If there is a change in speed, direction or both, then the object has a changing velocity and is said to be undergoing an *acceleration*.