1) in plant physiology. distribution and use of photosynthates for various plant functions and processes. 2) in management. distribution of materials or other assets to accomplish objectives.
In economics, resource allocation is the assignment of available resources to various uses. In the context of an entire economy, resources can be allocated by various means, such as markets or planning.
In project management, resource allocation or resource management is the scheduling of activities and the resources required by those activities while taking into consideration both the resource availability and the project time.