Burmese Rosewood –

Pterocarpus indicus (commonly known as Amboyna wood, Malay padauk, Papua New Guinea rosewood, Philippine mahogany, Andaman redwood, Burmese rosewood, narra and asana in the Philippines, angsana, or Pashu padauk) is a species of Pterocarpus native to southeastern Asia, northern Australasia, and the western Pacific Ocean islands, in Cambodia, southernmost China, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, the Ryukyu Islands, the Solomon Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Pterocarpus indicus
Pterocarpus indicus Blanco1.205.png
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Genus: Pterocarpus
P. indicus
Binomial name
Pterocarpus indicus
    • Echinodiscus echinatus Miq.
    • Lingoum echinatum (Pers.) Kuntze
    • Lingoum indicum (Willd.) Kuntze
    • Lingoum rubrum Rumph.
    • Lingoum saxatile Rumph.
    • Lingoum wallichii Pierre
    • Pterocarpus blancoi Merr.
    • Pterocarpus carolinensis Kaneh.
    • Pterocarpus echinata Pers.
    • Pterocarpus indica Willd. [Spelling variant]
    • Pterocarpus klemmei Merr.
    • Pterocarpus obtusatus Miq.
    • Pterocarpus pallidus Blanco
    • Pterocarpus papuana F. Muell.
    • Pterocarpus papuanus F.Muell.
    • Pterocarpus pubescens Merr.
    • Pterocarpus vidalianus Rolfe
    • Pterocarpus wallichii Wight & Arn.
    • Pterocarpus zollingeri Miq.

Pterocarpus indicus was one of two species (the other being Eysenhardtia polystachya) used as a source for the 16th- to 18th-century traditional diuretic known as lignum nephriticum.

Many populations of Pterocarpus indicus are seriously threatened. It is extinct in Vietnam and possibly in Sri Lanka and Peninsular Malaysia. It was declared the national tree of the Philippines in 1934 by Governor-General Frank Murphy of the Insular Government of the Philippine Islands through Proclamation No. 652.

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