type of friction hitch used in climbing and rigging. named for a region in Mexico.
Michoacán de Ocampo
|Estado Libre y Soberano de Michoacán de Ocampo|
Heredamos Libertad, Legaremos Justicia Social
(Spanish: We Inherited Freedom, We Will Bequeath Social Justice)
El alma de Mexico
(Spanish: The soul of Mexico)
State of Michoacán within Mexico
|Coordinates: 19°10′N 101°54′W / 19.167°N 101.900°WCoordinates: 19°10′N 101°54′W / 19.167°N 101.900°W|
|Capital and largest city||Morelia|
|Admission||December 22, 1823|
|• Governor||Silvano Aureoles Conejo|
|• Senators||Cristóbal Arias Solís |
Blanca Estela Piña Gudiño
Antonio García Conejo
|• Total||58,599 km2 (22,625 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||3,840 m (12,600 ft)|
|• Density||78/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||13th|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||MX-MIC|
|HDI||0.745 High Ranked 27th of 32|
|GDP||US$ 45,052.91 mil|
|Website||Official Web Site|
|^ a. The state's GDP was 210,041,025 thousand pesos in 2008, amount corresponding to 16,409,455.078 thousand dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value of June 3, 2010).|
Michoacán, formally Michoacán de Ocampo (Spanish pronunciation: [mitʃoaˈkan de oˈkampo]), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Michoacán de Ocampo (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Michoacán de Ocampo), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. The State is divided into 113 municipalities and its capital city is Morelia (formerly called Valladolid). The city was named after José María Morelos, one of the main heroes of the Mexican War of Independence.
Michoacán is located in Western Mexico, and has a stretch of coastline on the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. It is bordered by the states of Colima and Jalisco to the west and northwest, Guanajuato to the north, Querétaro to the northeast, the State of México to the east, and Guerrero to the southeast.
The name Michoacán is from Nahuatl: Michhuahcān [mit͡ʃˈwaʔkaːn] from michhuah [ˈmit͡ʃwaʔ] ("possessor of fish") and -cān [kaːn] (place of) and means "place of the fishermen" referring to those who fish on Lake Pátzcuaro. In pre-Hispanic times, the area was the home of the Purépecha Empire, which rivaled the Aztec Empire at the time of Spanish encounter. After the Spanish conquest, the empire became a separate province which became smaller over the colonial period. The state and several of its residents played a major role in the Mexican War of Independence. Today, the state is still home to a sizable population of Purépecha people as well as minor populations of Otomi and Nahua. The economy is based on agriculture, fishing, mining and some industry. The major tourism draw for the state is the Lake Pátzcuaro–Tzintzuntzan–Quiroga area, which was the center of the Purépecha Empire, also the national or state parks which include the winter grounds of the monarch butterflies ("Mariposas Monarca") and the park where the Cupatitzio River has its main source.