Litchi chinensis (Wikipedia)

Lychee (US: /ˈlˌ/ LEE-chee; UK: /ˈlˌ/ LIE-chee; Litchi chinensis; Chinese: 荔枝; pinyin: lìzhī; Jyutping: lai6 zi1; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: nāi-chi) is a monotypic taxon and the sole member in the genus Litchi in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae.

Litchi chinensis fruits.JPG
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Subfamily: Sapindoideae
Genus: Litchi
L. chinensis
Binomial name
Litchi chinensis
  • Corvinia litschi Stadtm. ex P.Willemet 
  • Euphoria didyma Blanco 
  • Euphoria punicea Lam.
  •  Litchi sinensis J.F.Gmel. 
  •  Nephelium chinense (Sonn.) Druce 
  •  Nephelium didymum Craib
  •  Scytalia chinensis Gaertn.
  •  Scytalia squamosa Stokes

It is a tropical tree native to South China, Malaysia, and northern Vietnam. The tree has been introduced throughout Southeast Asia and South Asia. Cultivation in China is documented from the 11th century. China is the main producer of lychees, followed by Vietnam, India, other countries in Southeast Asia, other countries in the Indian subcontinent, Madagascar, and South Africa. A tall evergreen tree, it bears small fleshy sweet fruits. The outside of the fruit is a pink-red, rough-textured soft shell.

Lychee seeds contain methylene cyclopropyl glycine which has caused hypoglycemia associated with outbreaks of encephalopathy in undernourished Indian and Vietnamese children who consumed lychee fruit.

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