physiological adaptation process of plants and other living organisms to a climate or en ironment different from their native environment or where originally grown.
Acclimatization (UK also acclimatisation; US also acclimation) is the process in which an individual organism adjusts to a gradual change in its environment (such as a change in altitude, temperature, humidity, photoperiod, or pH), allowing it to maintain performance across a range of environmental conditions. Acclimatization occurs in a short period of time (days to weeks), and within the organism's lifetime (compare to adaptation). This may be a discrete occurrence or may instead represent part of a periodic cycle, such as a mammal shedding heavy winter fur in favor of a lighter summer coat. Organisms can adjust their morphological, behavioral, physical, and/or biochemical traits in response to changes in their environment. While the capacity to acclimate to novel environments has been well documented in thousands of species, researchers still know very little about how and why organisms acclimate the way that they do. When used as a technical term (such as in the study of physiology), acclimatization refers to a natural process (e.g., shedding heavy winter fur with natural seasonal change), whereas the term acclimation is reserved for changes occurring in response to an artificial or controlled situation, such as changes in temperature imposed in an experimental manipulation.